2000 BC

Double spiral pendant from a barrow near Alsfeld

Alsfeld populated!Beginning of the Bronze Age settlement of the region

It is a “double spiral” or “spectacle pendant” from the “Middle Bronze Age”, which is also called the “Tumulus Period” after the type of burial rite (in Central Europe about 2200 – 800 BC). More than 250 burial mounds have been found and recorded in the Alsfeld district. The possession and knowledge of the production of bronze, an alloy consisting of 90% copper and 10% tin, which could be cast into almost any shape and was the hardest metal known to date, led to social differentiations within society and the emergence of a new upper class.

Since the two metals were found in only a few places – for example, tin in Cornwall, England, and copper in the eastern Alps – this led to the emergence of trade routes and chains that spanned the entire range from Europe to the Near East. The grave goods were varied, men were usually buried with their weapons, women with abundant jewelry unburned and covered with field stones. A mound – delimited to the outside by a stone circle – was formed above. MNic